Forest Products Society

Wood Design Focus Online

Wood Design Focus is an electronic publication published quarterly by the Forest Products Society. This Journal provides a communications update for design professionals, architects, educators, researchers, building code officials, and manufacturers and users of engineered wood products. Each issue of Wood Design Focus features a special "Focus" section that presents technical papers on a particular aspect of wood engineering and a list of related literature and resources, as well as articles highlighting innovations in contemporary engineered wood construction. Download brochure

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Volume 23, 2013

Fall 2013

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Lateral Loads for Exterior Decks and Balconies
Seismic Load Determination for Residential Decks
Garrett H. Lyman, and Donald A. Bender, Ph.D., P.E., J. Daniel Dolan, Ph.D., P.E.
Wind Load Determination for Residential Decks
Garrett H. Lyman, and Donald A. Bender, P.E., Ph.D.
Lateral Load Path and Capacity of Exterior Decks
Brian J. Parsons, Donald A. Bender, Ph.D., P.E., J. Daniel Dolan, Ph.D., P.E., Robert J. Tichy, Ph.D., and Frank E. Woeste, Ph.D., P.E.
Deck and Porch Lateral Loading by Occupants
Brian J. Parsons, Donald A. Bender, Ph.D., P.E., J. Daniel Dolan, Ph.D., P.E., and Frank E. Woeste, Ph.D., P.E.

Summer 2013

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Lateral Loads for Exterior Decks and Balconies
Seismic Load Determination for Residential Decks
Garrett H. Lyman, and Donald A. Bender, Ph.D., P.E., J. Daniel Dolan, Ph.D., P.E.
Wind Load Determination for Residential Decks
Garrett H. Lyman, and Donald A. Bender, P.E., Ph.D.
Lateral Load Path and Capacity of Exterior Decks
Brian J. Parsons, Donald A. Bender, Ph.D., P.E., J. Daniel Dolan, Ph.D., P.E., Robert J. Tichy, Ph.D., and Frank E. Woeste, Ph.D., P.E.
Deck and Porch Lateral Loading by Occupants
Brian J. Parsons, Donald A. Bender, Ph.D., P.E., J. Daniel Dolan, Ph.D., P.E., and Frank E. Woeste, Ph.D., P.E.

Spring 2013

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Preventing Falls in Construction: A Collaborative Effort to Launch
a National Campaign

Christine M. Branche, Ph.D.
Residential Fall Protection Case Study—Habitat for Humanity St. Louis
Vicki Kaskutas, MHS, OTD and Kyle Hunsberger
Techniques for Building an OSHA Compliant Guardrail
E. A. McKenzie, Jr., Ph.D., P.E., and Thomas G. Bobick, Ph.D., P.E., CSP
Personal Fall Arrest System Anchors in Residential Construction
Daniel P. Hindman, Ph.D., P.E., Justin Morris, Milad Mohamadzadeh, Lori M. Koch, Joseph Angles and Tonya Smith- Jackson, Ph.D., CPE
Observations of Truss Assembly Lifting to Decrease Fall Hazards on Roofs
Daniel P. Hindman, Ph.D., P.E. and John C. Bouldin, Jr., Ph.D.
Prevention Through Design (PtD) Solutions in Wood Design and Construction
Nicholas Tymvios and John Gambatese, Ph.D., P.E.

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Volume 22, 2012

Winter 2012

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
2012 NDS Changes
John "Buddy" Showalter, P.E., Bradford K. Douglas, P.E., Philip Line, P.E., Peter J. Mazikins, P.Eng
Questions and Answers: New Design Values for Visually Graded Southern Pine Dimension Lumber
Catherine Marx Kaake, P.E., CFM
Round Timber Poles and Piles
John "Buddy" Showalter, P.E.
2012 Wood Frame Construction Manual (WFCM) Changes
John "Buddy" Showalter, P.E., Bradford K. Douglas, P.E., Philip Line, P.E., Peter J. Mazikins, P.Eng., Loren Ross, E.I.T.

Fall 2012

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Tie-Down Systems for Multi-Story Wood Structures
Ricardo Arevalo, P.E., S.E.
Improved Seismic Analysis of Wood Light-Framed Multi-Story Residential Buildings
Doug C. Hohbach, S.E., Sam J. Shiotani, S.E.
Shrinkage Challenges with Mid-Rise Construction
Michael Murphy, P.E.
Wood vs. Masonry: Stair and Elevator Shafts in Multi-Story Wood Buildings
Tim Smith, AIA
Performance-Based Alternatives to Prescriptive Limits for Wood Studs Backing Brick Veneer
Harold Sprague, P.E, Robert Murphy, P.E.

Summer 2012

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Introduction to Cross-Laminated Timber
M. Mohammad, Sylvain Gagnon, Eng., Bradford K. Douglas, P.E.,
Lisa Posesto, P.E.
The North American Product Standard for Cross-Laminated Timber
Borjen Yeh, Ph. D., P.E., Sylvain Gagnon, Eng., Tom Williamson,
P.E., Ciprian Pirvu, Ph.D., P. Eng., Conroy Lum, P. Eng., Dave Kretschmann, P.E.
Analytical Procedures for Determining Stiffness of CLT Elements in Bending
Marjan Popovski, Ph.D., P. Eng., Sylvain Gagnon, Eng.
CLT in Construction
Sylvain Gagnon, Eng.
Press Release: Transition to New Design Values    

Spring 2012

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Challenges of Designing With SIPs
Jim DeStefano, P.E., AIA
Jacob E. Manch Elementary School, A Milestone in Efficient School Design
Ernie Podaca
Installing SIPs on Existing Buildings
R. L. Brungraber, Ph.D, P.E., and Duncan McElroy, P.E.
Seismic Performance of Energy Efficient Structural Insulated Panels
Khalid M. Mosalam, Ph.D, P.E., and Selim Günay, Ph.D.
Feasibility Study to Quantify Seismic Performance Factors For Structural Insulated Panels Based on FEMA P695 Methodology
Ali M. Memari, Ph.D, P.E., and Luke T. Donovan, M.S.
Using Structural Insulated Panels in Non-Residential Structures— A Case Study
Thomas A. Moore, P.E., LEED AP Homes

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Volume 21, 2011

Winter 2011

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Stress Grading and Allowable Design Values for Used Timbers
Philip Westover, P.E.
Serviceability Design of Residential Wood-frame Floors in Canada
Donald Onysko, Lin Hu, Eric Jones, Bruno DiLenardo
Roofs—Lessons from the Past and Designing from the Top Down
Arnold J. Aho, AIA
Concrete, Steel or Timber: An Environmental Choice
Andrew H. Buchanan, Ph.D.

Fall 2011

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Statistical Fundamentals for Wood Engineering
Stanley K. Suddarth, P.E., and Donald A. Bender, P.E.
Calculating the Fire Resistance of Exposed Wood Members
Bradford Ks. Douglas, P.E.
Application of Diaphragm Action in Post-Frame Buildings
Kifle G. Gebremedhin, P.E.
Multistory Wood-Frame Structures: Shrinkage Considerations and

Richard Rummelhart, P.E., and Jeffrey A. Fantozzi

Spring 2011

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Model Energy Code Development
Kenneth E. Bland and Dennis L. Pitts
Commercial Energy Code Requirements of the 2009 IECC
Paul D. Coats
Residential Energy Code Provisions
Loren A. Ross, E.I.T.
What's New with Energy Code Compliance Software
Jim Bowman

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Volume 20, 2010

Winter 2010

Wood Design Focus Online Editor
Proper Design and Construction of Gable-End Walls
Jason A. Partain
Method for Increased Buckling Capacity of Built-Up Beams and Columns
Donald A. Bender, Robert E. Kimble, and Frank E. Woeste
Cross-Laminated Timber: A Primer
Pablo Crespell and Sylvain Gagnon
Shear Design Values for Glulam Member Design at Connections
Jeff Linville, Borjen Yeh, and Phil Line (revised April 2011)

Fall 2010

Wood Design Focus editor
Preventing Crawl Space Moisture Buildup in Gulf Coast Homes
James T. Spartz
Multi-Story Wood-Frame Shrinkage Effects on Exterior Deck Drainage: A Case Study
Zeno Martin, P.E. and Eric Anderson, P.E., S.E.
Accommodating Movement in High-Rise Wood-Frame Building Construction
Richard W. Howe, P.E.
Creating Redundancy in Building Envelope Design
Scott Lockyear, P.E.

Summer 2010

By Wood Design Focus editor
Use of Wood Structural Panels to Resist Combined Shear and Uplift from Wind
Paul Coats and Brad Douglas
Anchorage Design for Pre-Fabricated Shear Panels in Light-Framed Structures
By Renee Strand
I-Joist Diaphragm Systems: Performance Trends Observed with Full-Scale Testing
by Ned Walts and J. Daniel Dolan
Anchor Bolts in Light-Frame Construction at Small Edge Distances
By Mehran Pourzanjani

Spring 2010

By Wood Design Focus editor
Green Building and Implications for Wood Markets
By Jim L. Bowyer
Green Building Programs: the Importance of the Design Stage
By Jed Hannemann
Environmental Verification for Wood Products Used in Green Building
By Rob Brooks and Dave Gromala
The Green Building Initiative
By Mark Rossollo

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Volume 19, 2009

Winter 2009

  • Objectives of the NEESWood Capstone Test: Six-Story Light-Frame Seismic Construction using PBSD J. W. van de Lindt, D. V. Rosowsky, S. Pei, and W. Pang
  • Construction of the Capstone Test Specimen J.W. van de Lindt, S. Pei, and S.E. Pryor
  • Shake Table Testing of a Six-Story 14,000 ft2 Light-frame Wood Building J.W. van de Lindt, S. Pei, and S.E. Pryor
  • Shake Table Test Results for the NEESWood Capstone Building S. Pei and J.W. van de Lindt

Fall 2009

  • Significant Changes to Chapter 2 of ANSI/TPI 1-07Kirk Grundahl, P.E., Ryan Dexter, P.E., and Jim Vogt, P.E.
  • Significant Technical Changes to ANSI/TPI 1-07 Jay P. Jones, P.E.
  • Accommodating Movement in High-Rise Wood-Frame Building Construction Richard W. Howe, P.E.
  • Truss Heel Heights and the Energy Requirements of the 2009 International Residential Code® (IRC®) Larry Wainright and Jim Vogt, P.E.
  • Unintended Truss Bearing Dave Brakeman, P.E., S.E. and Jim Vogt, P.E.

Summer 2009

  • Code Requirements for New Construction in California’s Wildfire Prone Areas Stephen L. Quarles
  • Determining Wood’s Residual Flexural Properties Using Nondestructive Testing Brian Kukay and Charles Todd
  • Fire Resistance of Wood Members with Directly Applied Protection Robert H. White

Spring 2009

  • The Story Behind the 2009 IRC Wall Bracing Provisions (Part 2: New Wind Bracing Requirements) Jay H. Crandell, P.E. and Zeno Martin, P.E.
  • When is Roof Eave Blocking Required? Jay H. Crandell, P.E., Robert Rice, Brian Foley, P.E., andFrankWoeste,P.E.
  • Axial Buckling Strength of Conventionally Sheathed Stud Walls Peter Marxhausen, M.S., P.E.
  • Seismic Design of Glulam Arches Jeffrey Linville, P.E. and Philip Line, P.E.

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Volume 18, 2008

Number 1: Design Considerations for Lateral Force Resistance

  • New Rules for Evaluating Seismic Performance of Prefabricated Shear Panels Ned Waltz, P.E. and Ron Hamburger
  • Importance of Structural Wall Coverings in Wind Design and Wood Structural Panel Solutions Zeno Martin, P.E. and Ed Keith
  • Code Changes Affecting Post-Installed Concrete Anchor Design Christian Fogstad, P.E. and Brian Gerber
  • FEMA 550 – Recommended Residential Construction for the Gulf Coast David K. Low

Number 2: Insights into Inspection, Plan Review, and Product Evaluation

  • Good Design Should Consider Poor Execution John Bouldin and John “Buddy” Showalter
  • Special Inspections for Wood Construction David P. Tyree and James D. Bowman
  • Plan Review Issues with Wood Stephen Turchen and Brian Foley
  • Seismic Equivalence Parameters for Engineered Woodframe Wood Structural Panel Shear Walls Philip Line, Ned Waltz, and Tom Skaggs

Number 3: Miscellaneous Topics

  • 2008 Special Design Provisions for Wind and Seismic Philip Line, Bradford K. Douglas, and Peter Mazikins
  • Fire Resistance of Log Walls Rob Pickett
  • Design Ambiguities: A Modern Southern House? David C. Lewis

Number 4: Wind, Waves, and Wood

  • Midwest Tornadoes – Performance of Wood-Framed Structures Zeno Martin, P.E., and Bryan Readling
  • Summary of Wind Effects on Residential Structures During Hurricane Katrina John W. van de Lindt, Rakesh Gupta, and Kenneth J. Fridley
  • Effect of Wind-Driven Hurricane Waves on Wood-Framed Building John W. van de Lindt, Rachel Garcia, Rakesh Gupta, and Jebediah Wilson
  • Reliability of Wood Roofs Exposed to Hurricane Winds Christopher D. Eamon

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Volume 17, 2007

Number 1: ASCE/SEI 7 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

  • Snow Provisions in ASCE 7-05 for Residential Roof Rafter Systems Michael O’Rourke, Peter J. Mazikins, and John “Buddy” Showalter
  • Unbalanced Snow Loads for Trusses in Hip or Gable Roofs Using ASCE 7-05 Requirements Richard Zimmermann and Jim Vogt
  • Review of ASCE 7-05 Unbalanced Snow Load Provisions and Its Affect on Building Design Leo Shirek
  • Recent Changes to Wind Provisions in Standards and Codes in the United States S. K. Ghosh
  • ASCE 7-05 Changes to Live Load Provisions Richard Zimmermann and Jim Vogt

Number 2: Changes to the International Residential Code

  • The Story Behind IRC Wall Bracing Provisions Jay H. Crandell
  • Coming Changes to the IRC Bracing Provisions Ed Keith and Zeno Martin
  • IRC 2006: What’s Coming for Trusses and Other Structural Building Components? Richard Zimmermann

Number 3: Field Issues Related to Design of Residential Structures

  • Lateral Support of Wood Beams in Residential Structure Gary Schweizer
  • Wood Truss Gable End Frames Agron Gjinolli, and Jim Vogt
  • Engineering Principles of Shear Walls with Sloping Top Plates Thor Matteson
  • Position of Underlayment to Prevent Cracked Tile and Grout Frank Woeste and Peter A. Nielsen
  • Deflection Limits for Wood Studs Backing Brick Veneer Harold O. Sprague

Number 4: Some Not-So-Ordinary Connections

  • Timber Rivet Connections – Design Process for a Hanger Connection Robert J. Taylor and David M. Moses
  • Timber Peg Design and Commentary Timber Frame Engineering Council Technical Activities Committee
  • New Concealed Connectors Bring More Options for Timber Structures David Moses and Rober Malczyk
  • Innovative Structural Solutions in Wood Building Design: A Timber Roof for Raleigh Durham Airport Daniel Brodkin

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Volume 16, 2006

Number 1: Seismic Provisions for Wood Design

  • Seismic requirements for wood building design – Recent changes to ASCE 7 and IBC Philip Line and James E. Russell
  • 2005 Special Design Provisions for Wind and Seismic (SDPWS) Philip Line and James E. Russell
  • Benchmarking seismic base shear to historical practice Philip Line
  • Keeping pace with evolving load standards: Recalibration of LRFD for wood David V. Rosowsky, David S. Gromala, and Philip Line

Number 2: Deck Design and Construction

  • Code requirements for design and construction of residential decks Larry Lewis
  • Corrosion avoidance with new wood preservatives Samuel L. Zelinka and Douglas R. Rammer
  • Residential deck ledger connection testing and design D. M. Carradine, Donald Bender, Joseph R. Loferski, and Frank E. Woeste
  • Tested guardrail post connections for residential decks Joseph R. Loferski, Dustin Albright, and Frank E. Woeste
  • Wood/natural fiber-plastic composite decking products Robert Tichy and Donald Bender
  • Deck inspections: A matter of life and death Anne W. West

Number 3: Wood-Plastic Composites

  • Technology and market issues driving wood-plastic product development Michael P. Wolcott, Paul M. Smith, and Karl R. Englund
  • Codes and standards affecting wood- and natural fiber-polymer composites Robert J. Tichy
  • Durability of wood-plastic composites J. J. Morrell, Nicole M. Stark, David E. Pendleton, and Armando G. McDonald
  • Fire performance of wood- and natural fiber-polymer composites Robert J. Tichy
  • Structural design and applications with wood-plastic composites Donald A. Bender, Michael P. Wolcott, J. Daniel Dolan
  • Exploration in wood-plastic composites for architecture Robert Barnstone
  • Information clearinghouse for wood-plastic composites Vikram Yadama

Number 4: Repair and Restoration Projects

  • Biodegradation of untreated wood foundation piles in existing buildings – Remedial options Milan Vatovec and Paul L. Kelley
  • Remediation of Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s W33 Cage Building Jeff D. Langlois, Milan Vatovec, Phillip L. Westover, and Randall Preston
  • Reconstructing the Bernie King Pavillion Leonard J. Morse-Fortier
  • Glulam beam repair/reinforcement Tinora High School, Defiance, Ohio Gary W. Gray and Paul C. Gilham

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Volume 15, 2005

Number 1: Advances in Design for Lateral Loads

  • Effect of decay on wall system behavior Robert Leichti, Jeffrey Morrell, and David Rosowsky
  • Damage statistics and design methods Vladimir G. Kochkin and Jay H. Crandell
  • Vulnerability of wood residential construction to hurricane winds Yue Li and Bruce R. Ellingwood
  • Reliability of wood shear walls subject to natural hazard loading John W. van de Lindt, Henrique de Melo e Sliva, Jason N. Huart, and David Rosowsky
  • Design of wood structural panel shear walls with openings: A comparison of methods Zeno Martin

Number 2: Timber Bridges

  • Case studies on assessment and rehabilitation of three historic timber covered bridges in Massachusetts Matthew Anderson and S.D. Daniel Lee
  • Hardwoods for timber bridges: A national program emphasis by the USDA Forest Service James P. Wacker and Ed Cesa
  • Wood Products Industry Sponsors: Timber Bridge Awards Again
  • Discussion and closure — “Design of structural panel shear walls with opening: A comparison of methods” Zeno Martin

Number 3: Building Green

  • Reducing environmental consequences of residential construction through product selection and design Lucy Edmonds and Bruce Lippke
  • Building green with wood Kenneth Bland
  • Understanding green building ratings systems Jim DeStefano
  • Green building rating systems and LCA Aurora Sharrard, Melissa Bilec, and Robert Ries
  • Green building standards: Why mandating a good idea can be bad policy Todd Myers

Number 4: Multi-Story Wood Construction

  • U.S. building code and construction practice of multi-story wood-frame constuction Kevin C. K. Cheung, Xu Fang, and Peter Mazikins
  • Case study: High rise wood-frame construction Cornerstone Condominiums, Portland, Oregon Brian Knight
  • LRFD versus ASD for wood design – Load combinations lead to efficiencies John “Buddy” Showalter and Robert J. Taylor
  • International Building Code: More options with greater opportunity for wood-frame design Sam Francis
  • Shrinkage calculations for multi-story wood-frame construction Western Wood Products Association

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Volume 14, 2004

Number 1: Log Structures

  • Lateral resistance of log walls and foundation anchorage Robert Leichti, Randy Scott, and Thomas Miller
  • Energy performance of log homes Technical Committee of the Log Homes Council, Building Systems Councils, National Association of Home Builders
  • Fire resistance of log walls Dalibor Houdek
  • Visual stress grading of wall logs and sawn round timbers used in log structures Edwin J. Burke

Number 2: New Generation Preservative Treatments

  • Treated wood in transition: A look at CCA and the candidates to replace it Stan Lebow, Jerrold Winandy, and Donald Bender
  • Guidance for uses of CCA – AWPA Commodity Standards
  • Performance of zinc-based preservative systems in ground contact H.M. Barnes, T.L. Amburgey, and M.G. Sanders
  • Recent trends in preservative treatments for timber bridges James P. Wacker

Number 3: Timber Framing

  • Modern American timber framing: From the viewpoint of engineers working in the field R.L. “Ben” Brungraber, Chris Carbone, Annette Dey, and Duncan McElroy
  • Lateral load response for full-scale traditional timber frame structures Robert G. Erikson
  • Considerations for mortise and tenon joint design Richard J. Schmidt
  • Diaphragm behaviour and design of laterally loaded timber frame and structural insulated panel buildings D.M. Carradine, Frank E. Woeste, J. Dan Dolan, and Joseph R. Loferski

Number 4: New Wood Design Standards and Design Aids

  • 2005 National Design Specification ® (NDS®) for Wood Construction Phil Line, John “Buddy” Showalter, and Robert J. Taylor
  • 2005 AF&PA Wood Design Package Bradford K. Douglas
  • Structural Wood Design Using ASD and LRFD John “Buddy” Showalter
  • Changes to the 2005 NDS Supplement – Design Values for Wood Construction Kevin Cheung, Jeff Linville, and Phil Line

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Volume 13, 2003

Number 1: Continuing Education

  • A comprehensive approach to wood building design education Robert J. Taylor
  • Wood University: Online engineered wood products education Lindsay Hiles
  • Best practices in educating wood designers Rhonda Backmann and Hugo Lemieux
  • Web-based truss technology workshops: A new educational paradigm Rick Saindon, Melinda Caldwell, and Kirk Grundahl
  • Tredgold’s Carpentry

Number 2: Durability of Wood-Framed Buildings: Managing Moisture, Mitigating Mold

  • To build a better home: Improvements in design and construction practices hold the key to moisture management, mold mitigation Steve Zylkowski and Kevin Hayes
  • Crawl space ventilation and moisture control research Bruce Davis and Bill Warren
  • Mold and wood products Western Wood Products Association
  • Current research on mold at Forintek Paul Morris, Adnan Uzunovic, Tony Byrne, and Dian-Qing Yang
  • Common questions and answers about mold USDA Forest Products Lab Advanced Housing Research Center
  • Tredgold’s Carpentry

Number 3: Conventional Construction

  • International Residential Code Dennis Pitts
  • An overview of the 2001 ANSI/AF&PA Wood Frame Construction Manual for One- and Two-Family Dwellings Scott Lockyear
  • Code-prescribed limitation of conventional construction and how to mix conventional with engineered design Ted J. Osterberger, Scott Lockyear, and Christopher Brandt
  • Common engineering issues in conventional construction Jay H. Crandell and Vladimir Kochkin
  • Tredgold’s Carpentry

Number 4: Metal Plate Connected Wood Trusses

  • The new truss standard: What it means for truss design and manufacturing efficiencies TPI Staff
  • Lateral movement of unbraced trusses during construction David R. Bohnhoff
  • T- and L-reforcements for stability of metal plate connected wood truss webs Robert Leichti, Karl Kleemann, and Isabelle Simons
  • Truss plate performance in fire: One person’s observations John E. Meeks
  • Tredgold’s Carpentry

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Volume 12, 2002

Number 1: Field Investigation and Modifications of Engineered Wood Systems

  • In-situ repair of glulam beams and roof decking using FRP and LVL composites Scott M. Kent, Robert Leichti, and Joe Stith
  • Retrofitting a roof for high wind uplift Thomas D. Skaggs and Edward L. Keith
  • Field investigations of stress-laminated T-beam and box-beam timber bridges S.E. Taylor, M.H. Triche, L.E. Hislop, and P.A. Morgan
  • Hidden danger David R. Bohnhoff
  • Field investigations of engineered lumber products Glyn R. Boone

Number 2: Shear Wall and Diaphragm Design

  • Perforated shear wall design Philip Line
  • Capacity of shear wall segments without hold-downs Chun Ni and Erol Karacabeyli
  • Effect of blocking in horizontally sheathed shear walls Chun Ni and Erol Karacabeyli
  • Estimating wood structural panel diaphragm and shear wall deflection Thomas D. Skaggs and Zeno A. Martin

Number 3: Post-Frame Buildings

  • Modeling embedded posts Gary A. Anderson and Patrick M. McGuire
  • Post foundation design considerations David R. Bohnhoff
  • History of diaphragm design for post-frame structures D.M. Carradine, F.E. Woeste, and J.D. Dolan
  • Testing a full-scale building after nine years in service Kifle G. Gebremedhin
  • Full-scale metal-clad wood-frame test building David R. Bohnhoff and Paul A. Boor

Number 4: Changes to the 2001 NDS® for Wood Construction, its Supplement: Design Values for Wood Construction, and ASD Guidelines for Wood I-Joists

  • Changes in the 2001 NDS for Wood Construction Philip Line, Robert Taylor, John “Buddy” Showalter, and Bradford K. Douglas
  • Is your wood connection all stressed out?—It needn’t be Robert Taylor and Philip Line
  • Designing with lumber in the 2001 NDS Kevin Cheung, Scott Lockyear, Eric Jones, Don DeVisser, and Lisa Johnson
  • Addition of generic, tested fire assemblies in the 2001 ASD Guideline for Wood I-Joists Rob Brooks, Ted Osterberger, and Paul Coats

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No issues were produced in calendar year 2001.

Volume 11, 2000

Number 1: Wind and Wood-Frame Buildings

  • Considerations in the wind design of wood-frame structures Bradford K. Douglas and Brian Weeks
  • Performance and reliability of wood-frame roof components during Hurricane Andrew Jay H. Crandall and Shawn McKee
  • Performance of wood-frame structures under high wind loads David Rosowsky and Scott Schiff
  • Wind loads on low buildings: Research and progress Theodore Stathopoulos

Number 2: Building Codes and Building Performance: Expectations vs. Reality

  • Mismatched expectations pertaining to “designed to code” for seismic design J. Daniel Dolan
  • Expectations regarding fire performance and building design Steven M. Cramer
  • Mismatched expectation, objectives, and performance requirements for wood-frame construction in high-wind regions David Rosowsky and Scott Schiff

Number 3: Vibrations in Wood-Frame Floors

  • Serviceability design of residential wood-frame floors in Canada Donald Onysko, Lin Hu, Eric Jones, and Bruno DiLenardo
  • Effectiveness of strongback/wood I-blocking for improving vibration performance of engineered wood-frame floors Lin Hu and Yvon Tardif
  • Performance of wood I-joist floors with poured toppings Steve Taylor and George Hua
  • Novel connectors for wood construction E. George Stern

Number 4: Structural Wood-Base Panels in Residential and Light Commercial Construction

  • Structural wood-base panels: An engineering primer Edward Diekmann
  • Biological deterioration of wood-base composite panels Peter E. Laks, Dana L. Richter, and Glenn M. Larkin
  • Stress grading and allowable design values for used timbers Philip Westover

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Volume 10, 1999

Number 1: Investigative Uses of Wood Science and Technology

  • Evaluation and repair of heavy timber roof trusses in a 19th century New England church Philip Westover
  • Inspecting mill-type buildings for decay A. L. DeBonis
  • Recurrent mold on wood siding and defiberization of wood by swimming pool water Stephen L. Quarles and Kevin A. Flynn
  • The role of wood science in investigating furniture failures Henry A. Huber and Carl Eckelman
  • Engineering analysis of a broken chair seat John E. Meeks
  • Temporary truss bracing for post frame buildings J. Greg Smith

Number 2: Wood Design Software

  • ASCE/SEI timber engineering software list Kevin C. K. Cheung
  • WoodWorks design office software Kathryn Hensley
  • Proprietary wood design software Tom Keegan
  • WOODCAD design software Thomas G. Williamson
  • Simplified structural design Joe Stoddard

Number 3: Restoration of Historic Covered Bridges

  • Rehabilitation of historic covered bridges Phillip C. Pierce
  • The Downsville covered bridge and the world’s longest glulam beams Robert K. Kaseguma
  • Calculating the fire resistance of exposed wood members Bradford K. Douglas

Number 4: Potpourri

  • Rain control for walls John F. Straube
  • The 2000 International Building Code and wood-frame design and construction Sam Francis
  • Connection design methodology for structural composite lumber Eric Johnson and Frank Woeste

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Volume 9, 1998

Number 1: Panelized Wood Structures

  • Permanent wood foundations Dwight Kimber
  • Building code recognition of the permanent wood foundation David S. Collins
  • Systems built construction Frank Opatik
  • New provisions in the “National Design Specification (NDS) for Wood Construction” John “Buddy” Showalter and Phil Line

Number 2: Utility Poles and Structures

  • Current and potential future trends in wood pole management G. F. Zak, E. F. Neuhauser, M. M. Mayer, and I. P. Murarka
  • The realistic expectation of an in-place wood pole inspection program Gerald L. Daugherty
  • Computer-aided design of fiber composite wraps for wood pole restoration Nelson G. Bingel III
  • Designing wood poles for utility power lines Robert C. Peters

Number 3: North American Standards for Structural Wood Products

  • Standards for structural wood products and their use in the United States David W. Green and Roland Hernandez
  • Role of building codes and product standards in wood products utilization—a Canadian perspective V. Mathur, C. Lum and E. Jones
  • Mexican standards for forest products Raymundo Davalos-Sotelo and M. en. C. Mario Fuentes-Salinas
  • Certification of forest products—a U.S. perspective Tom Snellgrove

Number 4: Forsensic Application of Wood Science and Technology

  • The woodchipper murder case R. Bruce Hoadley
  • Wood evidence in the Unabomber investigation Marshall S. White
  • Wood science and technology in civil litigation Stephen Smulski
  • Who’s responsible for what? John E. Meeks
  • Analysis and evaluation of fractured wood ladder components George H. Kyanka
  • Shrinking siding: estimating prior moisture content William A. Dost

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Volume 8, 1997

Number 1: Highway Sound Barriers

  • Wooden highway sound barriers: the Connecticut experience Desmond P. Dickey
  • Strength ratio based assessment of in situ wood structural members Jozsef Bodig and Loren D. Flick
  • Techniques for making connections in small diameter roundwood members A.R. Lukindo, J.P. Chastain, and K.A. Janni

Number 2: Machine-Graded Lumber

  • Mechanically graded lumber: the grading agency perspective Linda S. Brown, Donald A. DeVisser, Russell S. Tuvey, and Allan Rozek
  • Machine grading processes for softwood dimension lumber Gerald A. Ziegler
  • Machine graded lumber: design implications Steve G. Winistorfer and Ross Theilen
  • New opportunities for mechanical grading of lumber David W. Green

Number 3: Reinforced Structural Wood Products

  • Another proposed rule of thumb for controlling floor vibration Patrick M. McGuire
  • Reinforcing timber products to satisfy our needs Borg Madsen
  • Sawn and laminated wood beams wrapped with fiber reinforced plastic composites Hota V.S. GangaRao
  • Effect of fiberglass reinforcement on the behavior of bolted wood connections L. A. Soltis, R. J. Ross, and D. F. Windorski

Number 4: Designing Wood-Frame Buildings for Durability

  • Limiting decay losses in wood-frame buildings—setting the stage Jeffrey J. Morrell and Alan F. Preston
  • Roofs—lessons from the past and designing from the top down Arnold J. Aho
  • Controlling indoor moisture sources in wood-frame houses Stephen Smulski

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Volume 7, 1996

Number 1: The New ANSI Standards for Metal Plate Connected Wood Trusses, Part II

  • Design of temporary and permanent bracing for trusses John E. Meeks
  • ASCE 7-93 wind load and its application in the design of metal plate connected wood trusses Charles C. Hoover, Jr.
  • LRFD for metal plate connected wood trusses Michael H. Triche and Eric Fennell
  • A proposed rule of thumb for controlling annoying vibrations in residential floors Frank E. Woeste

Number 2: Timber Pile Foundations

  • Evaluation of existing wood piles Kris A. Altiero
  • Updated methods for design and installation of timber pile foundations Cyril N. Okoye
  • Case studies of deterioration in existing wood piles Kris A. Altiero and Albert L. DeBonis

Number 3: Marine Structures

  • Specifications and design details for timber bulkheads Jon Guerry Taylor and Mark D. Bolchoz
  • Specifications and design details for timber fishing piers Jon Guerry Taylor and Mark D. Bolchoz
  • Decay in waterfront structures: recognition, prevention, and remedial treatment Terry L. Highley
  • Development of allowable compression design stresses for timber piles Robert D. Arsenault

Number 4: New Developments in Timber Connections

  • The glulam rivet—an efficient fastener in wood construction Gary C. Williams and Erol Karacabeyli
  • The expanded tube fastener—an innovation for structural joints in timber A. J. M. Leijten, P. Ragupathy, R. Todd, and K. S. Virdi
  • Understanding the performance of timber connections made with multiple bolts A. J. Salenikovich, J. R. Loferski, and A. G. Zink
  • Performance of nailed and bolted wood connections under cyclic loading J. D. Dolan, S. T. Gutshall, and P. Line

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Volume 6, 1995

Number 1: Statistics in Wood Engineering

  • Statistical fundamentals for wood engineering Stanley K. Suddarth and Donald A. Bender
  • Application of statistics in the production process Allan G. Burk
  • Statistics behind load and resistance factor design David S. Gromala

Number 2: Stress-Laminated Timber Bridges

  • Field performance of stress-laminated timber bridges James P. Wacker and Michael A. Ritter
  • Stress-laminated T beam and box beam bridges in West Virginia Barry Dickson
  • Metal plate connected wood truss bridges H. J. Dagher and F. Altimore
  • Stress-laminated bridges of structural composite lumber Christopher Meyer

Number 3: Energy Efficiency in Residential Structures

  • Tools to evaluate the airtightness of residential building thermal envelopes Timothy Larson
  • Energy efficiency characteristics of new homes in Minnesota Patrick H. Huelman and Robert T. Seavey
  • The thermal performance of log home walls Thomas M. Gorman
  • Design, construction, and evaluation of a stressed skin insulating core panel demonstration house Kevin Aries et al.

Number 4: The New ANSI Standards for Metal Plate Connected Wood Trusses, Part I

  • The new ANSI/TPI American National Standards for metal plate connected wood trusses Ramon M. Riba
  • Metal plate connected wood trusses Ed Callahan and Timothy Ott
  • Effect of partially embedded metal connector plates on joint strength Michael H. Triche
  • Comentary on WTCA 1-1995 as it pertains to building designers Frank E. Woeste

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Volume 5, 1994

Number 1: Design Information for Glulam, I-Joists, and Structural Panels

  • Design of glued laminated timber Bruce D. Pooley
  • Design considerations for structural composite lumber and prefabricated wood I-joists Sherman A. Nelson
  • Designing with wood structural panels Edward L. Keith

Number 2: Heavy Dowel Connections

  • Bolted connection research: present and future Lawrence A. Soltis
  • The Canadian approach to the design of bolted timber connections Ian Smith
  • Simplified design for bolt and lag screw connections loaded at an angle to the grain John “Buddy” Showalter
  • Designer judgment in heavy-dowel connections J. Mark Bartel
  • Heavy dowel connection design using LRFD David S. Gromala

Number 3: Vibration Serviceability of Light-Frame Floor Systems

  • Service load behavior and design of wood-joist floors Kenneth J. Fridley and David V. Rosowsky
  • Vibrational performance of wood floor systems: optimization of performance and retrofitting Y. H. Chui
  • Overview of proposed wood floor vibration design criteria J. Daniel Dolan and Robert E. Kalkert
  • Was that an earthquake? The case of a vibrating floor Anthony Nash and Thom Sanders

Number 4: Moisture Control in Residential Structures

  • Partially reinforced glulam girders used in a light-commercial structure Robert J. Leichti, Paul C. Gilham and Daniel A. Tingley
  • Moisture control strategies for the building envelope Anton TenWolde and William B. Rose
  • Moisture control in crawl spaces W. Rose and Anton TenWolde
  • Heat and moisture performance in attics and cathedral ceilings William B. Rose

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Volume 4, 1993

Number 1: Design for Wind Loading

  • Case study: moisture-related I-joist deflections in an apartment complex Arne P. Johnson and Gary J. Klein
  • Wind-load provisions in the model building codes: now and in the future Charles Everly
  • The basics of lateral load design Edward L. Keith
  • Connectors for high-wind resistance Karen Colonais
  • Wind engineering and the design of trusses Charlie C. Hoover, Jr.
  • Considerations in wind design of wood structures Bradford K. Douglas

Number 2: Environmental Impact of Using Wood

  • The Taylor Lake bridge: A reinforced-glulam structure Robert J. Leichti, Paul C. Gilham and Daniel A. Tingley
  • Concrete, steel, or timber: An environmental choice Andrew H. Buchanan
  • Carbon dioxide emission and carbon storage for building materials and construction in Japan Tankanori Arima
  • Life-cycle assessment and building materials Western Wood Products Association
  • Life-cycle analysis: A useful approach to promote wood as a construction material Klaus Richter and Jurgen Sell

Number 3: Design for Exterior Exposure

  • Comparing machine stress-rated and visually graded lumber used in walls D. A. Devisser, W. L. Galligan and S. K. Suddarth
  • Material selection and preservative treatments for outdoor wood structures Jerrold E. Winandy and Kent A. McDonald
  • Fasteners for exposed wood structures Robert H. Falk and Andrew J. Baker
  • Finishing wood decks R. Sam Williams and William C. Fiest

Number 4: Design Software

  • Built-up column design in the “1991 National Design Specification” Valerie Eskelsen
  • Metric conversion of wood products John “Buddy” Showalter
  • Computer-aided design software for engineered wood products in residential applications James F. Collins, Jr.
  • Considerations for selection of structural-design software Daniel A. Tingley and Paul C. Gilham
  • Elements of good software documentation Theresa A. Shinners-Gray

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Volume 3, 1992

Number 1: Post-Frame Structures

  • Metal-plate-connected wood truss inspection: Part II Odilo A. Grossthanner, David B. Brakeman and N. Douglas Wood
  • Application of diaphragm action in post-frame buildings Kifle G. Gebremedhin
  • Post-frame building design considerations Frank E. Woeste, Donald A. Bender and Calvin E. Siegel
  • Diaphragm design procedures for post-frame buildings Kifle G. Gebremedhin and Harvey B. Manbeck
  • Post-frame building foundation design Gerald L. Riskowski

Number 2: Multistory Wood-Frame Structures

  • Testing apparatus for metal-plate-connected wood-truss joints Rakesh Gupta
  • Multistory wood-frame structures: Code requirements R. Michael Caldwell and Bradford K. Douglas
  • Multistory wood-frame buildings: Cost and structural design aspects Douglas L. Sarkkinen
  • Multistory wood-frame structures: Shrinkage considerations and calculation Richard Rummelhart and Jeffrey A. Fantozzi

Number 3: Design of Epoxy Repair

  • The 1991 NDS axial compressive load capacities of wood stud-walls subjected to out-of-plane wind pressure Kevin C. K. Cheung
  • Analysis of typical wood stud walls: A comparison between the 1986 and 1991 NDS J. Mark Bartel
  • A preliminary report on timber bridge superstructure costs Anon
  • Structural design for epoxy repair of timber R. Richard Aven

Number 4: Restoration of Historic Structures

  • Draft design criteria for notched wood beams Greg C. Foliente, Thomas E. McLain and Frederick C. Pneuman
  • Historic timber-frame construction in North America Jan L. Lewandoski
  • Causes and prevention of wood deterioration in historic structures Joseph R. Loferski
  • Assessing capacities of traditional timber connections Robert L. Brungraber
  • Preservation and public safety: Structural safety of historic timber structures David C. Fischetti

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Volume 2, 1991

Number 1: Wood Preservation

  • Damage evaluation techniques and restoration methods for earthquake-damaged timber buildings Hisashi Okada
  • Research toward building with borate-treated wood Maureen E. Mitchoff and Lonnie H. Williams
  • Preservative treatment of wood used for construction Jeffrey J. Morrell
  • Impact of preservative and fire-retardant treatment on allowable design stresses for wood Jerrold E. Winandy
  • Wood preservation specifications Charles L. Stoddard

Number 2: Revisions in the National Design Specification

  • Separation between ceiling/floor and partition walls Donald H. Percival
  • Engineered wood connections and the “1991 National Design Specification” Thomas E. McLain
  • New column design formula John J. Zahn
  • Load duration factor for wind and earthquake R. Michael Caldwell, Bradford K. Douglas and David G. Pollock, Jr.
  • Lumber design values from in-grade test results Kevin C. K. Cheung, Don E. Wallace, Brad E. Shelley, Lisa A. Johnson and Eric D. Jones

Number 3: Panelized Roof Systems

  • New design equations for tapered columns Marvi E. Criswell
  • Panelized roof structures Roy Rood
  • Widening the column grid in a panelized system with laminated-chord truss purlins Mark D. Champneys
  • Pre-engineered connectors for panelized roof structures Karen Colonais
  • Solid-sawn lumber in panelized roof systems Kevin C. K. Cheung and Don E. Wallace

Number 4: Inspection of Timber Structures

  • Glulam purlins Michael R. Murray
  • Wood research at the Norwegian Institute of Wood Technology Erik Aashiem and Robert Falk
  • Inspection of a wood-framed warehouse-type structure Frederick C. Pneuman
  • Timber bridge inspection methods Norbert J. Volny
  • Roof inspection and moisture detection Raymond C. Wetherholt
  • Metal-plate-connected wood truss inspection: Part I Odilo A. Grossthanner, David B. Brakeman, and N. Douglas Wood

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Volume 1, 1990

Number 1: Wood I-Joists

  • Test performance of 1-1/2-inch bolts in glulamrow effect and effect of subsequent drying Stanley K. Suddarth
  • Composite wood I-joist research at Auburn University R. C. Tang
  • Efficient I-joist design David C. Soderquist
  • Special design considerations for wood I-joists J. D. Maly
  • A standard for prefabricated wood I-joists Donald J. Sharp and Kurt Stochlia
  • Case study: Oregon State University seed laboratory Edith L. Lang
  • How I-joists work T. E. McLain

Number 2: Fire Performance of Wood Structures

  • Shear deflection effect on I-joist design Michael H. Triche
  • Fire endurance research at the Forest Products Laboratory Robert H. White
  • Fire-retardant-treated wood: Effects of elevated temperature and guidelines for design Jerrold E. Winandy
  • Using the calculation method for fire endurance performance Kirk Grundahl
  • Fire performance of heavy timber construction Thomas G. Williamson
  • New fire resistance assemblies permit broader use of wood trusses Clyde Wynn

Number 3: Timber Bridges

  • AASHTO to publish stress-laminated deck design criteria Michael A. Ritter
  • Glued-laminated timber for bridge construction Thomas G. Williamson
  • Research and development of stressed-timber bridge systems at West Virginia University Hota V. S. GangaRao
  • The National Timber Bridge Initiative John B. Crist
  • Performance of stress-laminated bridges M. Ritter, E. Geske, L. Mason, W. McCutcheon, R. Moody and J. Wacker
  • Bidder-design specifications for glulam timber bridges Chuck Schmokel

Number 4: Performance of Timber Structures Under Seismic Loading

  • Disproportionate collapse of timber structures J. P. Marcroft
  • Vehicular railing systems for timber bridges: Program overview Michael A. Ritter, Edward R. Post and Ronald K. Faller
  • Laminated veneer lumber bridges: A case history Christopher Meyer
  • Seismic design of wood structures Andrew Buchanan, John Dean and Bruce Deam
  • Performance of wood structures: Loma Prieta earthquake aftermath L. Scott Turner, Frank Stewart and Kevin C. K. Cheung
  • Seismic performance of timber shearwalls fastened with wood adhesive A. Filiatrault and R. O. Foschi